The term A.I. is nothing new, it’s been used in movies and science fiction for decades. In the real world A.I. has been used to some degree for decades as well, but it has really only started to gain serious momentum in the last decade or so.
A.I. is part of an interdisciplinary field known as data science - and while there are many different definitions of data science, they all include some combination of the following areas of expertise: artificial intelligence, statistics, and domain knowledge. These skills are used to find valuable information out of vast amounts of data.